Case Report|Articles in Press

Inter-atrial epicardial muscular fibers as a possible source of atrial tachyarrhythmias

Published:December 22, 2022DOI:


      A 22-year-old woman without structural heart disease underwent catheter ablation of frequent premature atrial contractions (PACs). Radiofrequency applications from both the right and left atrium were effective in suppressing or eliminating these PACs. The distance between the right atrial ablation site and the successful ablation site at the right-sided pulmonary venous carina measured 18 mm on the CARTO map, and no cardiac structure, i.e. the inter-atrial septum, was present between those sites. Taken together, the epicardial muscular fibers in the inter-atrial groove were considered to play a role as an arrhythmogenic source of this atrial tachyarrhythmia.

      Learning objective

      Epicardial muscular fibers connecting the right atrium and right-sided pulmonary venous carina are known to preclude isolation of the veins. This epicardial connection in the interatrial groove can be an arrhythmogenic source or part of a reentrant circuit of atrial tachyarrhythmias.


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