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Cardiac MRI in myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA) helps arrive at correct diagnosis - A case report and discussion

Published:October 13, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jccase.2022.08.011

      Abstract

      Myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA) is a common condition with estimated prevalence of 5 to 15 %. It is not a benign condition and diagnosing the exact underlying etiology can be challenging, but it is important to ensure appropriate management of MINOCA patients. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) can be a valuable and non-invasive test to identify the underlying etiology, as well as to risk-stratify such patients. Both the European Society of Cardiology and the American Heart Association recommend CMRI in diagnostic work up of MINOCA patients. We report a case of an 83-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with atypical chest pain but had significantly elevated cardiac troponin levels, with non-obstructive coronary artery disease on left heart catheterization. Subsequent CMRI led to the diagnosis of acute myocarditis. He was medically managed with good clinical outcomes. We discuss this case in detail and highlight the role of CMRI in MINOCA patients. As our understanding of troponin elevation and its various mechanisms continues to evolve, cardiac MRI has a significant role in diagnosis and management, as demonstrated in our case.

      Learning objectives

      • 1.
        Illustrate the clinical relevance and diagnosis of myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA).
      • 2.
        Explain the role of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis and management of MINOCA.

      Keywords

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